By Andrews Reath
Andrews Reath provides a variety of his top essays on quite a few positive factors of Kant's ethical psychology and ethical idea, with specific emphasis on his belief of rational organisation and his belief of autonomy. jointly the essays articulate Reath's unique method of Kant's perspectives approximately human autonomy, and is the reason Kant's trust that target ethical specifications are according to ideas we decide for ourselves. With new papers, and revised models of a number of others, the amount might be of serious curiosity to all scholars and students of Kant and of ethical philosophy.
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Extra resources for Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays
He explains it as respect for their moral qualities and accomplishments (a ‘tribute that we cannot refuse to pay to merit’), and thus as respect for the principles that they exemplify—‘strictly speaking to the law that [their] example holds before us’ (KpV 5: 78). For a discussion of ‘broadly ethical respect’ see, of course, Groundwork 4: 428–31, among other places. There is also a brief reference to ethical respect for humanity in this chapter of the second Critique; see KpV 5: 87. 9. The honoriﬁc attitude toward merit will also have an affective aspect, which Kant describes as the experience of feeling humility before the talents of another, or the example that he or she has set.
This is for a variety of reasons. One is Kant’s view that, in general, we cannot know when an individual has acted with true moral worth, and that, in particular, one is a bad judge of one’s own case on this matter. There is also the question as to whether one would lose title to the honoriﬁc form of respect by trying to claim it publicly. I am indebted in this paragraph to a comment by a referee for Kant-Studien which led me to clarify my initial analysis. Cf. G 4: 440. This is to suggest that if self-conceit were made universal, reciprocal, and focused on rational nature, it would develop into true ethical respect.
Some readers may reject this interpretation on the grounds that Kant often discusses motivation in terms that suggest the metaphor of mechanical force. For example, Kant says that through respect ‘the relative weightiness of the law . . is produced in the judgment of reason through the removal of the counterweight’ (KpV 5: 76). For other instances of the image of opposing physical forces, see, for example, KpV 5: 78, 88, and MdS 6: 216, 380. However such metaphors are consistently embedded in discussions in which the dominant theme is a struggle for authority, sovereignty, superiority, and so on, in which it is claims or pretensions that are being opposed to each other.
Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays by Andrews Reath