By Alasdair MacIntyre
"[I]t is anything to have a ebook, dedicated to definite particularly vital technical philosophical questions, that is more likely to produce so passionate a response." —New York assessment of Books "A impressive synthesis . . . ." —Richard Rorty "A beautiful new learn of ethics. . . ." —Newsweek "The most sensible ebook of philosophy in years." —John Gardner "To name this an excellent booklet is to be patronizing; it truly is a massive publication, one who should be up or responded. it can be a very good one, as are all turning issues in a tide of drama whose protagonists have concept their classes inexorable." —Choice, February 1982 whilst After advantage first seemed in 1981, it used to be famous right now as an important and in all likelihood debatable critique of latest ethical philosophy. Now, in a brand new bankruptcy, Alasdair MacIntyre responds to the questions and concerns raised by means of the various admirers and critics who made After advantage any such greatly learn and mentioned paintings of philosophy. bearing in mind the discussion generated by way of his ebook during the last 3 years, he elaborates his place at the dating of philosophy to heritage, the virtues and the difficulty of relativism, and the connection of ethical philosophy to theology. In doing so, MacIntyre sustains the claims of his vital conclusions to rational justification and demonstrates extra the responsibility of philosophy to the realm and instances it seeks to explain.
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Extra resources for After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory, Second Edition
Is nothing other than to prevent the offender from doing fresh harm to his fellows and to deter others from doing likewise. 5 Towards the end of the eighteenth century, German enlightened absolutism in particular produced theorists of criminal law whose main focus lay on individual/ special prevention. These were, first and foremost, Ernst Ferdinand Klein (1743–1810), Gallus Aloys Kleinschrod (1762–1824) und Christoph Carl Stu¨bel (1764–1828),6 and later also included Karl Grolman (1775–1829),7 a friend and opponent of Feuerbach—although he adopted this stance for different reasons.
10 Excerpts of all these in Vormbaum, StrD, p. 90, 136, 114 (references in appendix). 179 ff. (references in appendix); for more general information cf. Paolo Becchi/Kurt Seelmann, G. F. und die europa¨ische Aufkla¨rung. Frankfurt am Main 2000; particularly p. : Filangieri und die Proportionalita¨t von Straftat und Strafe. 12 Sergio Moccia, Die italienische Reformbewegung des 18. Jahrhunderts und das Problem des Strafrechts im Denken von Gaetano Filangieri und Mario Pagano, in: GA 1979, p. 201 ff.
However, if we know that, prior to a change of law in 1943, the criminal code made mitigation compulsory for attempts and that the current rule was only introduced by National Socialist legislature,15 and that many democracies committed to the Rule of Law in fact do not cover this aspect in their criminal codes,16 then this puts the “necessity” of these constructions in perspective and reveals an alternative model (one that used to be prevalent), where prosecuting authorities only see grounds to become active where someone’s rights or legally protected interests have been infringed or at least endangered.
After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory, Second Edition by Alasdair MacIntyre