Download e-book for iPad: Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 38 by H. Jane Brockmann, Timothy J. Roper, Marc Naguib, Katherine

By H. Jane Brockmann, Timothy J. Roper, Marc Naguib, Katherine E. Wynne-Edwards, Chris Barnard, John Mitani

ISBN-10: 0120045389

ISBN-13: 9780120045389

Advances within the examine of habit used to be initiated over forty years in the past to serve the expanding variety of scientists engaged within the research of animal habit. That quantity continues to be increasing. This quantity makes one other vital ''contribution to the improvement of the field'' via proposing theoretical principles and examine to these learning animal habit and to their colleagues in neighboring fields. Advances within the learn of habit is now on hand on-line at ScienceDirect - full-text on-line from quantity 30 onward.

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They showed that a simple calculation—the root mean square (RMS) difference between the current image and the home image—produces a monotonic function leading to the home position for natural images. Homing can thus be regarded as a gradient descent problem, equivalent to phonotaxis, of moving in the direction that reduces the RMS. One difference, however, is that an insect or robot can only sense the RMS value at one location at a time. Consequently, the strategy required could be USING ROBOTS TO UNDERSTAND ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 33 compared to that for chemotaxis in an animal such as C.

36 BARBARA WEBB IV. TOWARD THE COMPLETE CRICKET Many robots are constructed to do a single task but there is much interest in making them more behaviorally flexible. Some tasks inherently require the integration of a number of systems, such as the ‘‘Grand Challenges’’ of autonomous driving in desert or urban environments (DARPA, 2004, 2007). So far the biorobotic examples discussed are behaviors that involve one sensory modality and can be described as a fairly direct transformation (albeit with some filtering and adaptive processing) from the input stimulus to the behavior.

The neural control pathways for these behaviors may or may not pass through the brain. , visual and antennae) feed directly to the brain but may still connect to descending control neurons via short pathways within it. , cercal escape) connect to motor outputs directly through peripheral ganglia, but also appear to send some processes to the brain. For some, such as phonotaxis, there are clearly ascending and descending pathways to the brain involved in the behavior, but may also be direct connections within the thoracic ganglion.

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Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 38 by H. Jane Brockmann, Timothy J. Roper, Marc Naguib, Katherine E. Wynne-Edwards, Chris Barnard, John Mitani


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