By Nancy Worman
This learn of the language of insult charts abuse in classical Athenian literature that centres at the mouth and its appetites, particularly conversing, consuming, consuming, and sexual actions. Attic comedy, Platonic discussion, and fourth-century oratory frequently install insulting depictions of the mouth and its excesses with a view to deride expert audio system as sophists, demagogues, and girls. even though the styles of images explored are very famous in historic invective and later western literary traditions, this is often the 1st publication to debate this phenomenon in classical literature. It responds to a becoming curiosity in either abusive speech genres and the illustration of the physique, illuminating an iambic discourse that isolates the intemperate mouth as a visual brand of behaviours ridiculed within the democratic arenas of classical Athens.
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Extra info for Abusive Mouths in Classical Athens
In these contexts, then, the spectrum of styles runs the gamut from violent, voracious shouting to polished chattering. Excessive verbal modes are poised in relation to other types of oral intemperance: on the one end is violent excess, on the other gabbling weakness. This contrasting pattern, although often inflected with more complex associations, comports with the ways in which Aristotle argues that one falls short of the virtuous mean. In 67 See Dover 1978: 75; for a contrasting view, see Yunis 2001.
Nem. , Il. 186, Od. 509; cf. Hipponax fr. 59 The insightful work of scholars on such equations in archaic poetry has revealed their programmatic quality in the formulation of iambos, where imposture of a hungry, rude outsider draws connections between food and talk. 61 Tragedy famously makes pervasive use of the imagery of sacrifice, a practice with potential to taint its participants and thus to impede their abilities to speak in a lucid and communicative manner. 62 Chapters 2 and 3 treat more comic settings, which are far more influential on abusive language in prose writing.
126–31; cf. Dem. 127, 131, 262). 157; cf. 23, 88). Neither type seems likely to be very trustworthy as a leader of Athens in a time of crisis. In these contexts, then, the spectrum of styles runs the gamut from violent, voracious shouting to polished chattering. Excessive verbal modes are poised in relation to other types of oral intemperance: on the one end is violent excess, on the other gabbling weakness. This contrasting pattern, although often inflected with more complex associations, comports with the ways in which Aristotle argues that one falls short of the virtuous mean.
Abusive Mouths in Classical Athens by Nancy Worman