By Martin Maiden
Publish yr note: First released in 1995 via Longman Publishing
A Linguistic historical past of Italian deals a transparent and concise clarification of why sleek Italian grammar has turn into how it is. It specializes in the results of old alterations at the glossy constitution of Italian, revealing styles and constructions which aren't continuously obvious to those that are just conversant in glossy Italian. even if the e-book concentrates at the inner heritage of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader history of the heritage of the Italian dialects, and different exterior components similar to cultural and social affects also are tested. Surveys of present study are incorporated, protecting quite a lot of phenomena lately dropped at mild or re-evaluated.
This booklet comprises dialogue of a few components really ignored through past histories of the language, comparable to the advance of Italian outdoors Italy. specific awareness is paid to the impression of different Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian changing into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language through a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.
Containing essentially offered examples, the ebook is designed to be available to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it is going to accordingly attract scholars of normal linguistics, historical past linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the merely significant 'internal' background of Italian at present to be had in English.
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Additional info for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)
One mechanism by which this happens is termed 'analogy'. The most prominent type of analogical change we encounter in the history of Italian occurs in morphology and takes the form either of analogical levelling, or of analogical creation of alternation. 2) tends to contradict the 'normal' expectation that each meaning will be signalled by just one linguistic form. That a single meaning should be expressed by two or more different forms involves, on the face of things, a wholly redundant complication of the grammar, and the relationship between form and meaning becomes 'opaque', while a one-to-one form-meaning relationship is maximally 'transparent'.
Vowel length evolves quite differently. 1). At some stage after the loss of CL vowel length, there appeared a new, phonologically determined, differentiation of vowel length, which is continued into modem Italian, and underlies most Italo-Romance and Gallo-Romance varieties. The new distributional principle for vowel length is that all vowels are short, unless they occur in a stressed and open syllable, in which case they are long. 1), and where, in some cases, an open-syllable stem may alternate with a closedsyllable stem.
French, and the Gallo-Italian dialects of Emilia, Liguria and the Po Plain). In some Gallo-Romance varieties, the original diphthongs have become monophthongized giving [e] (or [iD and . (17) Proto-Romance Italian Milanese * 'fE-Ie 1j£:-le fel 'gall' *'pE-tra 'pje:-tra 'pe:-dra 'stone' *'m£:-le 'mje:-le mel 'honey' *'SEt-te 'SEt-te SEt 'seven' * 'pEl-Ie 'pEl-Ie pel 'skin' *'n:l-va 'nw:>:-va 'n~:-va 'new' *'b-re 'kw:>:-re kf/ll" 'heart' *'fu-ra 'fw:>:-ri f~:-ra 'outside' 'lor-no lorn 'hom' ':>8-50 :>8 'bone' *'br-nu *':>s-su I The origin of SOSD is one of the most controversial and complex issues in the historical phonology of Italian, and as such deserves detailed examination.
A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library) by Martin Maiden